An evaluation is the start of a therapeutic relationship.  It is an opportunity to gather data, observe, and use critical thinking skills.  Standardized assessments provide data for qualifying children for services.  They can also establish a baseline for creating goals and designing a remediation plan.  Selecting an appropriate motor assessment for your client will ensure that the child can engage and that you collect the information you need.  Considerations when choosing an evaluation should include the child’s age, referral reason, test length, types of activities included as testing tasks, and what the test is measuring.  A description of four motor assessments commonly used by both OTs and PTs are described below.

 

Bruininks-Oseretsy Test of Motor Proficiency (2nd Edition)

 

Also known as the BOT-2, this tool is widely used by occupational and physical therapists.  Fine motor categories include fine motor precision, fine motor integration, manual dexterity, and upper-limb coordination.  Bilateral coordination, balance, running speed/agility, and strength subtests make up the gross motor portion of the test.  Tasks vary from dribbling a tennis ball to coloring in shapes, performing jumping jacks, and cutting out a circle.  An abbreviated short form provides a brief overview of motor functioning.  BOT-II is appropriate for children ages 4-21 years.

 

Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (2nd Edition)

 

The PDMS-2 is standardized for children from birth to age six.  This evaluation is a basal and ceiling evaluation, so you only need to test skills that are appropriate for the child’s age level.  When the child is unable to complete three consecutive tasks successfully, that category is discontinued.  For the youngest population, tasks will include aligning their head, pulling to sit, propping on forearms, and tracking a rattle.  Older children will stack blocks, lace beads, kick a ball, balance on one foot, and more.  Subtests include reflexes, sustained control, locomotion, object manipulation, grasping, and visual-motor integration.

 

Miller Function and Participation Scales (M-FUN)

 

This assessment is standardized for children ages two to eight.  The test has visual motor, fine motor, and gross motor domains.  Fine and visual motor activities are child-friendly games such as “Find the Puppies” and “Go Fishing.”  Gross motor activities are embedded into a “Statue Game,” soccer practice, and more.  The M-FUN kit includes a home and classroom observation checklist that examines social skills, sensory needs, and ability to regulate.  While this assessment takes longer than the others to administer, it provides comprehensive data which can aid in writing goals and intervention planning.

 

Toddler and Infant Motor Evaluation

 

Created for children ages birth to age three years and six months, the Toddler and Infant Motor Evaluation (TIME) assesses movement quality.  Five subtests that assess mobility, stability, motor organization, social/emotional abilities, and functional performance.  Optional subtests are available for advanced practitioners and include component analysis, quality rating, and atypical movements.  Activities include sequencing movement into different positions and free-play with a caregiver.  Open-ended parent questions along with a Likert questionnaire provide both contextual information and data on current performance.

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